The camp is located close to the North border of Jordan, and grows exponentially with at some times a daily flow of 1000 migrants, including women and children. The camp at the time of the project consisted in large tents and built toilet facilities. The area chosen to set up the camp by the United Nations Refugee Agency is connected to the grid but with regular blackouts due to the weakness of the Jordanian network making it impossible for the camp managers to provide reliable public lighting. There was in particular an urgent issue of security and comfort for women and children in their use of the toilet facilities at night. Despite all the work of UNHCR, local authorities and refugee communities to ensure safety within the camps, refugees are still vulnerable to insecurity and personal attacks. A simple and effective means of augmenting their safety is installing streetlights.
ESF (Electriciens Sans Frontières) is a non-profit organization solving electrification issues in
emergency situations. The organization needed a compact plug and play solar lighting
solution, affordable, easy to carry and install, totally self-sufficient, with limited risk of vandalism, and no maintenance. Sunna Design has developed a range of integrated solar streetlights with an all-in-one breakthrough design. The ISSL + is the most compact plug and play streetlight of the range, with all the elements, solar panel, battery and electronics grouped in one product, ready to install at the top of any standard pole. The installation only takes minutes, no trenching or connecting is required. The elements are out of reach and impossible to reuse for other applications, limiting therefore vandalism attempts. Sized precisely for the operating needs, the ISSL+ have been able to keep the costs down and remain affordable.
100 Sunna ISSL+ streetlights have been installed throughout the Zaatari camp, more specifically around the built toilet facilities. Thanks to the plug and play design, it took less than 3 days for three non-professionals to install all the streetlights. Using standalone products limits general blackouts, illegal individual attempts to connect private appliances to the grid (causing serious injury hazard), costly energy bills and extensions of the grid to cope with the growing size of the camp. It has an impact on the camp daily life:
• Reduction of the risk of sexual and genderbased
• Reduction of the incidence of crime and
• Breach of the cycle of lethargy from living for
years in a refugee camp
• Improvement of the lives of refugees, enabling
more community gatherings and
In Africa, 72 refugee camps have no electricity. The inhabitants live in the dark at night.
• Without the security and protection afforded by light, women and girls may not feel comfortable going out at night, even to latrines or washing
areas. Darkness provides cover for crime and vandalism, and puts women and girls at
risk of rape and sexual harassment.
• In refugee camps in Kenya, roughly 40% of gender-based violence happens at night,
with a significant number of the survivors being children.